Theosophical Society, Cardiff Lodge,

206 Newport Road, Cardiff CF24 – 1DL.



Esoteric Timeline


Theosophy in the Context of Esoteric History


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13th century BCE? Zarathushtra founds Zoroastrianism, the religion of the


Moses founds Judaism;

mythical date of Hermes Trismegistus.


10th century BCESolomon, son of David, King of Israel flourished


4? BCE-33 CE Jesus founds Christianity


1st century CE Apollonius of Tyana flourished


1st to 3rd CE (?) Testament of Solomon composed


100-300 CEcomposition of Corpus Hermetica


204-270 CEPlotinus, Neoplatonic philosopher and mystic (born in Egypt)


233-305 CEPorphyry, Neoplatonic philosopher and mystic (born in Phoenicia)


250-325 CEIamblicus, Neoplatonic philosopher (was born in Chalcis,



411-485 Proclus, Neoplatonic philosopher (born at Constantinople,



500 CE (circa) Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite flourished, probably a

native of Syria


6th CE Sefer Yetzirah edited


10th CE Sword of Moses composed


1004-1007 (?) al-Majriti, author of Picatrix, dies


1054 Rome splits from orthodox church, forms Catholic church


1175?-1235 Michael Scot (Scottish)


1220?-1292 Roger Bacon (English)


1227 Pope Honorius III dies


1232 Ramon Llull born (Majorca)


1240 Abraham Abulafia, Sicilian Kabbalist, founder of ecstatic Kabbala,

born in Saragosa


1248 Joseph Gikatilla, Spanish Sephardic Kabbalist, born


1250? Liber Juratus (Sworn Book of Honorius) compiled by Honorius of

Thebes, son of Euclid


1259 Peter de Abano [Pietro d'Abano], Italian physician and philosopher

born. Professor of medicine in Padua.


1266 John Duns Scotus, Scottish scholastic philosopher and thrologian, born


1274 Ramon Llull's vision on Mount Randa


1280? Sefer Ha-Zohar written by Moses de León but attributed to Simon ben Yohai


1292? Abraham Abulafia dies


1308 John Duns Scotus dies


1314 Jacques de Molay, last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, burned at

the stake in Paris


1316? Ramon Llull dies


1316 Peter de Abano dies


1323 Joseph Gikatilla dies


1433 Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher born. Under the patronage of the

de'Medicis, he translated many Greek classics including the Corpus



1453 Fall of Constantinople to the Turks caused dispersal and spread of

Greek manuscripts and scholarship


1455 Johannes Reuchlin, German humanist and lawyer, born. Reuchlin wrote on

Kabbalah and propagated Hebrew studies


1462 Johannes Trithemius born at Trittenheim on the Moselle. Trithemius was

a famous scholar and Benedictine abbot.


1463 Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian philosopher and scholar, born


1466 Francesco Giorgi [Zorzi], Venetian philosopher, born. Author of De

Harmonia Mundi (Venits, 1525)


1471 Ficino's translation of Corpus Hermeticum published


1474 Ferdinand and Isabella ascend to the throne


1483 Martin Luther born Eisleben, Saxony, Germany.


1486 Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa born in Cologne Germany;

Malleus Maleficarum published, major instrument of witch hunters;

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola takes his theses to Rome


1489 Ficino's Libri de Vita published


1492 Ferdinand and Isabella expel Jews from Spain, center of Cabalistic

studies, caused dispersal and spread of Jewish and Cabalistic manuscripts

and scholarship; discovery of the New World


1493 Paracelsus (Aureolus Philippus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim)

born Einsiedeln Switzerland. Swiss physician and philosopher. He was

tutored (by his account) by Trithemius.


1494 Reuchlin's De verbo mirifico published;

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola dies


1499 Marsilio Ficino dies


1510 Agrippa's De Occulta philosophia finished

Guillaume Postel, French mathematician, Kabbalist, and mystic born


1515 Johan Weyer born


1516 Johannes Trithemius dies


1517 Reuchlin's De arte cabalistica published;Martin Luther posts theses


1522 Johannes Reuchlin dies


1525 Giorgi's De harmonia mundi published


1527 John Dee born in LondonMaximillian II born


1533 Agrippa's De Occulta philosopha published;

Isaak Luria, Jewish Kabbalist, born in Jerusalem;

Queen Elizabeth I born at Greenwich palace in London (September 7)


1535 Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa dies;

Giambattista della Porta born in Naples. Author of Magia naturalis

 (Natural Magic) (1585, 1589)


1538? Reginald Scot born. Author of Discouerie of Witchcraft (1584)


1540 Francesco Giorgi dies;

Faust dies


1541 Paracelsus dies


1542 Inquisition established in Rome


1546 Martin Luther dies


1548 Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher born in Nola Italy.


1552 Simon Forman born

Emperor Rudolph II born

Guillaume Postel publishes Latin translation of Sefer Yetzirah


1554 Society of Jesus (Jesuits) founded


1555 Edward Kelley born


1558 Elizabeth I becomes queen of England;

Giambattista della Porta's Magia Naturalis published;

Zohar printed


1560? Heinrich Khunrath born in Leipzig


1564 Dee's Monas Hieroglyphica published


1566? Michael Maier, physician, alchemist, and philosopher, born in

Rensburg, Holstein (Germany). Physician to Emperor Rudolph II.


1572 Isaak Luria dies


1574 Robert Fludd, English physician, philosopher, and mystic, born


1575 Jakob Boehme, German religious mystic, born;Arbatel Of Magic first appears


1576 Maximillian II dies


1581 Dee and Kelley start their "mystical experiments"Guillaume Postel dies


1584 Bruno's Expulsion of the Triumphant Beast published


1588 Johan Weyer dies


1595 Edward Kelley dies (Nov)


1599 Reginald Scot dies


1600 Giordano Bruno burned at the stake in Rome


1602 Athanasius Kircher born in Geisa a. d. Ulster, Germany (May 2)

William Lilly, astrologer and translator of Trithemius, born in Diseworth,

county Leicester, England


1603 Queen Elizabeth I dies;

accession of James I


1605 Heinrich Khunrath dies


1606 Trithemius' Steganographia first published


1608 John Dee dies


1611 Simon Forman dies


1612 Emperor Rudolph II dies


1614-15 Rosicrucian manifestos published in Germany


1615 Giambattista della Porta dies


1617 Elias Ashmole born in Lichfield, Staffordshire, England (May 23)


1617-19 Fludd's Utriusque cosmi historia published


1618 Maier's Atlanta Fugiens published


1618 Johann Baptista Grossschedel publishes Calendarium magicum (The

Magical Calendar)


1620 Robert Turner 'of Holshot', translator of magical texts, born


1622 Thomas Vaughan, English Rosicrucian, born

Michael Maier dies


1624 Jakob Boehme dies


1636 Christian Knorr von Rosenroth, German mystic and Kabbalist, born


1637 Robert Fludd dies


1652 Kircher's Oedipus Aegyptiacus publishedThomas Vaughan publishes English translation (not his own) of the Rosicrucian Fama and Confessio


1666 Thomas Vaughan dies


1677 Christian Knorr von Rosenroth published first volume of Kabbala



1680 Athanasius Kircher dies


1681 William Lilly, astrologer and translator of Trithemius, dies


1684 Christian Knorr von Rosenroth published second volume of Kabbala



1688 Emanuel Swedenborg, scientist and mystic, born in Stockholm, Sweden.


1689 Christian Knorr von Rosenroth dies


1692Elias Ashmole dies

Salem witchcraft panic


1707 Moses Hayyim Luzzatto, Hebrew poet and Kabbalistic mystic, born Padua


1734 Franz Anton Mesmer born in Iznang, Swabia (Germany) (May 23)


1747 Moses Hayyim Luzzatto dies


1749-56 Swedenborg's Arcana Coelestia published


1751 Ebenezer Sibly born


1772 Emanuel Swedenborg dies


1800 Ebenezer Sibly dies


1810 Eliphas Levi, (Constant, Alphonse Louis), French occultist, born in

Paris, France. He is said to be largely responsible for the revival of

magic in the 19th century.


1815 Franz Anton Mesmer dies


1831 Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (Helena Petrovna von Hahn), cofounder of the

Theosophical Society, born of German parents in Yekaterinoslav (now

Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine).


1832 Henry Steel Olcott, cofounder of the Theosophical Society, born


1865 Papus (i.e. G.A.V. Encausse), French occultist and author born


1846 Anna Kingsford (Annie Bonus) born


1847 Annie Besant (née Wood), author and noted Theosophist born


1848 William W. Wescott born


1854 Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers born in London


1856 Levi's masterpiece Le Dogme et Rituel de la Haute Magie published


1857 Arthur Edward Waite born in Brooklyn, New York


1861 Rudolf Steiner born


1865 William Butler Yeats born in Ireland


1875 Eliphas Levi, (Constant, Alphonse Louis) dies (May 31)


1875 Aleister Crowley (Crowley, Edward Alexander) born (October 12)


1875 Theosophical Society founded in New York 17th November


1889 Mathers' edition of Kabbalah Unveiled published


1888 Anna Kingsford (Annie Bonus) diesPapus' Traité Elémentaire de Science Occulte published;Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn established in London


1889 Mathers' edition of Key of Solomon published


1890 Dion Fortune (i.e. Violet Mary Firth) born;W.B. Yeats joins the Golden Dawn


1891 Helena Petrovna Blavatski (Helena Petrovna von Hahn), cofounder of the

Theosophical Society, dies


1897Levi's Le Clef des Grandes Mystères published


1898 Julius Evola born

Aleister Crowley joins the Golden Dawn;

Mathers publishes The Book of the Sacred Magic of Abra-Melin the Mage



1899 C.G. Leland publishes Aradia, the Gospel of the Witches


1900 Crowley expelled from the Golden Dawn


1901 Manly Palmer Hall born


1907 Henry Steel Olcott, cofounder of the Theosophical Society, dies

Israel Regardie born


1909 Franz Bardon born


1916 Papus (i.e. G.A.V. Encausse), French occultist and author dies


1918 Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers dies


1925 William W. Wescott dies

Rudolf Steiner dies


1933 Annie Besant (née Wood), author and noted Theosophist dies


1937 Israel Regardie publishes the Golden Dawn, which includes the bulk of

the Golden Dawns' rituals and teachings.


1939 William Butler Yeats dies


1942 Arthur Edward Waite dies


1946 Dion Fortune (i.e. Violet Mary Firth) dies


1947 Aleister Crowley (Crowley, Edward Alexander) dies


1958 Franz Bardon dies


1974 Julius Evola dies


1985 Israel Regardie dies


1990 Manly Palmer Hall dies



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Theosophical Society, Cardiff Lodge,

206 Newport Road, Cardiff CF24 – 1DL.