Cardiff, Wales, UK, CF24 -1DL.
Aber Alaw -
in Talebolyon. Where the Seven Who Returned from
Aberffraw - Branwen and Matholuch passed their wedding night here.
Abergenoli - by the sea. Alternative burial site of
Pryderi, mentioned in the ancient Englynion Beddau. The favored site, however, is Maen Tyriawc.
Aberdaeron - Fishing
village on the Llyn peninsula (
winter, the area bustles with tourists in the summer.
The church has a 12th century nave, a south aisle was
added in the 16th century. Gruffydd ap Rhys, who married
Gwenllian the daughter of the prince of Gwynedd, sought sanctuary here when the
suggest he needed to seek sanctuary after Gruffydd ap
Cynan, Prince of Gwynedd, had indicated that he would hand him over to King
Henry 1st. He is then said to have escaped back to
book is kept at Saint Asaph cathedral, where Richard Jones is buried.Fishing for crab and lobster make this an ideal place to stop for seafood.
Nearby are worked out quarries that once yielded jasper and a 'pink' marble. Aberglaslyn Pont Aberglaslyn is the opening to the pass of Aberglaslyn. The name illustrates how things have changed, Aber means mouth or estuary and until the embankment was built at Portmadoc the river could be navigated by small boats to this point. The pass is the result of glacial action.Abersoch is a village that is fast becoming a seaside resort, caravan sites and a golf course show the pattern of development that will surely come. It has a
harbour and two large sandy beaches. There are excursions from here to Saint Tudwal's islands, one of which has the remains of a medieval priory. Todays inhabitants are guillemots and puffins. Tudwal was a 6th century Breton who may
have stopped here on his way fleeing after the fall
and hairdressers were sworn to secrecy when they cut his hair (with a threat of death should they reveal the secret, as someone must have !). The unfortunate barbers were buried in a marsh and when a musician made a set of pipes from the
reeds and started to play the pipes sang out the story.
- The name means a river estuary with white shells. Caernarfonshire
Aber Menai (
Aber Menei - between here and Caer Seon, Gwydion and his son set out by boat toward Caer Arianrhod, as shoemakers.
Abyss - Annwn. Especially that part of Annwn where Havgan rules the Eastern Dead.
Alaw - On its banks, Branwen was buried.
Alban - land by the northern sea. Yr Alban is the modern Welsh word for Britian.
Altai - far Eastern valleys whence came the New Tribes,
third son of Don, and a prince of Gwynedd (
became so by stealing the three secrets of growth (a
bitch, a hind, and a lapwing) from Arawn, King of Annwn. The battle of Cad Goddeu followed, in which Gwydion assisted Amaethon by turning trees into warriors.
Ireland's High Druid, oldest and wisest of
Ancient Harmonies - mystic rules governing Birth, Life, and Death, observed by most of the Old tribes
(especially Math) and by the wisest of the New Tribes.
Anghar the Loveless - Havgan's seat in Annwn. Capitol of Meslam.
Angus of the Birds - an ancient, legendary figure in
Annwn - Arawn's realm. The Abyss. The Underworld in which all things first took shape. World of Middle Light. It is the first world above our own. Annwn was challenged by Havgan, but Arawn, with the help of Pwyll, defeated him. Later, Amaethon raided Annwn for the secrets of agriculture and husbandry, stealing a bitch,
a hind, and a lapwing.
Arawn - King of Annwn. He changes places with Pwyll of Dyved for a year and a day in order that Pwyll may help him defeat Havgan Summer-White, ruler of the Dead of the Eastern World. Arawn is the Grey Man of Earth, a Death Lord who kills in order to bring forth new life. He is first-born and husband to Modron, the Goddess behind all
Arberth - Pwyll's chief seat. Dyved's capitol city.
After Pwyll's death, it remained Queen Rhiannon's
Arianrhod - "Silver Wheel." Daughter of Don, and
Arianrhod is probably representative of the Moon
the mightiest fortress in Gwynedd (
principle realm of the High King of the
Arwystli - between here and Keri is the second Mochdrev.
For those interested in tracing legends the story of the faithful hound, Gellert, is also found in a 15th century document that mentions its association with Beddgellert.
legend is associated with a number of other places in
those en route to Ynys Enlli (Bardsey island) as a pilgrimage.
Beli of the Deep - ancient High King to the Island of the Mighty, commemorated on Beltane by the Celts. Brother of black-haired Penardim who was wife to Llyr. Their son, Bran, succeeded Beli as High King.
Beltane - a Celtic feast or holiday in honor of Beli.
Wolfling - wolf whom Math changed to a boy. Bleiddwn was parented by Gwydion
and Gilvaethwy while they were sentenced by Math to roam the forests of Gwynedd
Blodeuwedd - "Flower-like." She was fashioned from flowers by Gwydion and Math to be Llew's bride, since he could not have a mortal woman because of the destiny laid on him by Arianrhod. However, Blodeuwedd learns the secret of Llew's mortality and betrays him to her lover, Goronwy Pevr. For this, Gwydion turns her into an owl -
"flower face." She may be a Dawn Goddess transformed into a Dusk Goddess.
Bran of the Glittering Branches - a Champion of Faery in the battle of the Cad Goddeu. In guessing his name, Gwydion won the battle. He may have been the ghost of Bran the Blessed.
Blessed - first born of Llyr and Penardim; nephew and successor to Beli of the
Deep as High King of the
proportions, Bran was forced to wade through the Sinking
lands to reach
"the White Breast."
Daugher of Llyr and Penardim, princess of the
the great war between
Brenhines-y-nef - another title of Modron.
Bright World - the realm of Faery. Rhiannon was a
princess here, where Gwawl the Bright asked her father,
King Heveydd the Ancient, for her hand in marriage. However, Pwyll succeeds in
bringing her to Dyved (Mid & South
no vengeance for this, the Grey Man of the Bright World, Llwyd ap Kilcoed, blasts Dyved for seven years. Gorsedd Arberth was a door to the Bright World in Dyved.
Brug na Boinne - stone tomb in Ireland on the Banks of the Boyne,
older than the oldest of
Bryn Aryen - along the sea shore between Caer Seon and Caer Arianrhod. Point of departure for Llew's trip to win arms from his mother, aided by Gwydion.
Bryn Kyvergyr - hill from which Goronwy cast the spear that killed Llew. Later, Llew was restored by Gwydion, and from this same hill he cast the spear that killed Goronwy. It is by the banks of the Cynvael.
Cad Goddeu - a magical battle in which Gwydion turned trees to men to aid his brother Amaethon, who had stolen the secrets of agriculture and husbandry (a bitch, a hind, and a lapwing) from Arawn, King of Annwn. The great champion from out of Faery, Bran of the Glittering Branches, fought in that battle, and Gwydion won the
battle by guessing his name.
Arianrhod - in the sea (off
Off the coast near the North Wales Village of Dinas Dinlle just south of Carnarvon there are two islands, Maes and Arianrhod which are submerged at high tide.
Caer Dathyl -
Math's deep-moated court in Gwynedd (
- at the Vale of the Conwy (
Caer Loyu -
home of Kigva. By the
Caer Seon -
in Arvon. Here,
Branwen's starling found Bran. At that time, it was Math's court, though it
would later fall to Gwydion. Here too, Llew was raised. As the Fortress of Llew
and Gwydion, it was called Dinas Dinllev (Now Dinas Dinlle on
Caer Sidi -
the capitol of the Country Undersea, the
Calch Llassar - a blue enamel created by Llassar, and used by Manawyddan.
Caradoc - son of Bran. One of the Seven Chiefs left
behind to guard the
Carnarvon - once joined to Anglesey (North Wales) by the tall forests of the Sinking Lands.
Casket of Ancient Spells - saved from the Sinking Lands and brought to the Island of the Mighty. Although Math would have returned them to the Lost Lands of the West, Don preserved them, telling only Arianrhod of their hiding place. Its power contributed to the destruction
of Caer Arianrhod (
Castle of the Silver Wheel - Caer Arianrhod (q.v.).
Caswallawn - variant of Caswallon.
Caswallon - the Cunning. Second son of Beli. During the war with Ireland, he stayed behind in the Island of the Mighty and, aided by magic of invisibility, slew six of the Seven Chiefs. Caradoc, their chief, died of his own love for the men who were slain. Caswallon then seized the throne of High King while Bran, the true High King,
Mwrchan the Thief.
Cauldron of Rebirth - belongs to Arawn, in Annwn, though Llassar and Kymideu Kymeinvoll managed to steal a shadow of it, which they brought first to Ireland and then to the Island of the Mighty where they gave it to Bran. He
gave it to Matholuch as face-price for Evnissyen's
offence to the Irish. On earth, the Cauldron had the
power to re-animate corpses and send them forth to kill. Matholuch unleashed
this weapoin against Bran's forces in the great war
in the Underworld. Only a shadow of it could be brought to earth.
Dark Queen of the
Cevn Clydno - the height where Gwydion turned boulders to horses and disguised himself and Llew as bards.
Cludd - father of Gwawl the Bright.
The land was given to Bueno by Gwyddiant, the prince of Gwynedd. The church was rebuilt in the reign of Henry 7th and has a carved roof and rood screen. The remains of Saint Bueno are supposed to be in the chapel that adjoins the main church. The church was an important stopping point on the pilgrimage to Bardsey island. The present church is mainly 16th century, the rood screen dates to
1531. The north porch has an outside stairway and there is a sundial on one of the walls. Inside are a pair of dog tongs, dated to 1815 and a chest of unknown origin (called the Chest of Bueno) or purpose. There is a passage that links the
tower to the chapel that is reputed to have been used as the village jail at one point. The present chapel was restored in 1913. Bueno's Well is about 400 metres from the church near the site of a cromlech.
Coed Helen - between the Maenors of Penardd and Coed Alun. Math's host crossed it while advancing on Dyved's army.
Conwy (North Wales coast) - river where Llew bathed before his marriage, at a spot near Caer Dathyl. Caer Govannon lies near the mouth of this river.
Cornwall - its shores were seen on the 80th day of the feast in Gwales.
Corwrion - a varient of Creuwyrion.
Country Undersea - Lost Lands of the West.
Cradoc - father of Huw.
Cruerdilad the Fair-Tressed - dwelt in Arvon. Pebin's lover went to live with her.
Creuwyrion - in Arllechwedd; the town in which the sty was built to hold the swine stolen from Dyved in the ensuing war.
Curig - a
saint and the bishop of Llanbadarn.
Capel Curig (
Havgan's chief temple in
Cynvael - Goronwy
Pevr and his men killed a stag near this river when Blodeuwedd first noticed
them and asked them to
neighboring kingdom to Gwynedd (
Gwydion and Llew. Llew's Town.
best cantrev of Gwynedd (
Dispair - the Bird which met Pwyll in Annwn.
Dol Pebin - in Arvon. Dwelling place of Pebin.
Dol Pen Maen
- Pryderi's army retreated to make final camp here, in the war against Gwynedd
Don - sister to Math the Ancient. Of the Old Tribes. Mother to Gwydion, Govannon, Amaethon, Arianrhod, Eveyd, Gilvaethwy, Elen, Gwennan, and Maelan.
Dylan - son of Arianrhod, delivered to her when Math tested her claim of virginity. His father was a Lord of Caer Sidi. After birth, he returned to the land of his father, but upon returning to earth he is slain by Govannon through a trick of Arianrhod's. Dylan may represent darkness, as his brother Llew represents light.
steal the sacred swine.
Edeyrnion - green wood near the Town of the Seven Chiefs.
Eigr - serving girl at Caer Seon who told the young Llew of the circumstances of his birth.
Eldest Folk -
the stone circle of the Preseli Mountains (South
Demure - Arianrhod's sister and a Princess of Gwynedd (
Arianrhod was destroyed.
Englynion Beddau - the ancient source which mentions Abergenoli as the burial site of Pryderi.
by the Noble Head - the feast at Harlech (
Ereshkigal - Queen of the Eastern Dead. A mother of rebirth, dethroned by Havgan, Lord of Eternal Death, the Destroyer.
Erin - Ireland.
Ervyll - father of Fodor.
Eurosswydd mab Maelgwyn - a Chief among the New Tribes who holds Llyr captive, and demands Penardim as ransom. She comes to him to save Llyr, and Eurosswydd becomes the father of Nissyen and Evnissyen.
Eveyd(1) - fifth son of Don, and Prince of Gwynedd (
Eveyd(2) - fourth son of Beli.
Evnissyan - twin to Nissyen. Son of Penardim and
Eurosswydd. Motivated by his own self-hate and love of discord, he is primarily responsible for the offence against Matholuch which led to the war with Ireland. Later, he is responsible for the death of Gwern. However, his last act is to destroy the Cauldron of Rebirth which Matholuch had been using against Bran's forces.
Eye of the
Deep - sacred well on the Isle of Arianrhod (
it. The forces released destroyed Caer Arianrhod.
Faery - the Bright World.
Fear - the beast which met Pwyll in Annwn.
Fflam - one of Pryderi's hounds.
Flur - daughter of Mynach Gorr. She was abducted by the Imperial Caesar and King Mwrchan the Thief and taken to Gaul. But she is rescued by Caswallon.
Fodor - son of Ervyll, and one of the Seven Chiefs.
Gessa - a bond of secrecy. Any personal or tribal taboo.
youngest son of Don, nephew to Math, and a Prince of Gwynedd (
Glain Neidr - the holy mystic stone made by serpants. A crystal of this was set in Llwyd's ring, and it held great power.
Glelwyd - a rich man of Arvon.
Glen Cuch - deep woods in Dyved, near Llyn Diarwya, where Pwyll was hunting when he met Arawn.
Realm - grandfather to Kigva.
His people were warriors and witch-priestesses who dwelt by the
Gluneu - one
of the Seven Who Returned from
virgin footholder to Math.
Daughter of Pebin of Dol Pebin in Arvon. Most beautiful girl in Gwynedd (
war with Dyved so that Gilvaethy could have his will with Goewyn. She later becomes Math's wife and Queen of Gwynedd possibly the first, for it was the first time that a King of Gwynedd had married.
- Lord of Penllyn. While hunting with his men, he came near
Gorsedd Arberth - mound of Death that towers above Aberth. The burial mound of Dyved's first king, Heveydd the Ancient. All feared it, but in times of great peril, Dyved's king must climb it, where he would either see a wonder, showing the god's favors, or else be slain by his True Companions who had mounted the hill with him.
When Pwyll mounted it, he returned with Rhiannon out of Faery. But when Pryderi mounted it, Llwyd blasted Dyved. It has ever been a doorway to the Bright World, the one spot on earth where Arawn has no power.
second born son of Don, and a Prince of Gwynedd (
Drink of Immortality. Through a trick of Arianrhod, he slew her son Dylan, his own nephew. He was also a master of arms and weapons.
Grey - Arawn's stallion.
Grey Man - every world has one, except Earth, which shares Arawn with Annwn. The Grey Man is a Death Lord. The Grey Man of the Bright World is the famous wizard Llwyd ap Kilcoed, who blasted Dyved for seven years, until finally being defeated by Manawyddan.
Grudyen - one
of the Seven Who Returned from
Guri - Pryderi's alias at the shepherd's hut.
Guri of the Golden Hair - Pryderi's name as a child being raised by Teyrnon.
Gwales - in
Penvro. The feast
with the Talking Head of Bran which lasted for 80 days was held here. But
because of the singing of the birds of Rhiannon, it seemed like 80 years. Now called Gresholm, the Pembrokeshire Isle. (South
Gwawl the Bright - son of Cludd. He was Rhiannon's suitor in the Bright World, and Heveydd the Ancient had promised him Rhiannon's hand in marriage. Though Rhiannon chose Pwyll instead, Gwawl tricked Pwyll into
giving Rhiannon away. However, a year-and-a-day later, Pwyll returned to the Bright World and tricked Gwawl to get Rhiannon back, while making Gwawl promise never to seek revenge.
Gwennan(1) - daughter of Don, and a Princess of Gwynedd (
sacred priestess who guarded the Eye of the Deep. She escaped to Gwennan's Grave when Caer Arianrhod was destroyed.
Gwennan(2) - father of Owein.
Gwennan's Grave - place to which Gwennan(1) escaped, from the destruction of Caaer Arianrhod.
Gwern - son of Branwen and Matholuch. Killed by
in the House of Bran in
Gwlad yr Hud - "The
Gwlch - he and Heveydd the Tall are the oldest of the Seven Chiefs.
Gwrgi Gwastra - son of Pryderi and Kigva.
Gwri - variant of Guri (q.v.).
first born of Don, High Prince of Gwynedd (
Pryderi. Brother and lover to Arianrhod. Father of Llew. Triads name him one of the Three Famous
Tribe-Herdsmen of the
Skilled Astrologers, the other two being Idris and Gwyn ap Nudd. And they also name him one of the Three Gold-Shoemakers, the other two being Caswallon and Manawyddan.
Gwyn ap Nudd - the White One, a King of the Underworld. Triads name him as one of the Three Skilled Astrologers, the other two being Gwydion and Idris.
Gwynn the Ancient - father of Heilyn.
Gwythur - one of Pryderi's hounds.
Havgan - "Summer-White." Lord of the Dead of the Eastern World. God of Everlasting Fire and Eternal Death. Challenged Arawn as King of Annwn. Arawn failed in the first battle, but he switches places with Pwyll who defeats Havgan by refusing to strike more than one blow in the battle a year-and-a-day later. Havgan is also called Nergal, Lord of the Abyss.
Heilyn - son
of Gwynn the Ancient; one of the Seven Who Returned from
Henvelen - a river seen on the 80th day of the feast in Gwales.
Heveydd the Ancient - King in the Bright World, where Rhiannon is his daughter. He had been Dyved's first king on earth, where Rhiannon had been his Faery-bride. His earthly bones lay at the bottom of Gorsedd Arberth. Earlier still, Rhiannon had been his mother.
Heveydd the Tall - he and Gwlch were the oldest of the Seven Chiefs.
Him that Hides in the Wood - Kilcoed, father of Llwyd.
Holywell / Treffynnon,
He then lifted Winifred's head and placed it on her body, saying a prayer.Winifred was restored to life. A curse was placed on Caradog's family,
which could only be lifted if they sought pennance
from the church.Winefride became an abbess at Gwytherin Convent, near Llanwrst.
Her remains were taken to
Winefride's well is among the seven wonders of
Pistyll Rhaedr and Wrexham Steeple
Overton Yew Trees, Saint Winefride's Well
House of Bran
- as an offering of peace, under Branwen's direction, the men of
Hu the Mighty - killed a man for bringing the Casket of Ancient Spells from the Sinking Lands.
Huw - son of Cradoc. Chieftan in the town where
Manawyddan and Pryderi were shieldmakers.
Hychdwn the Tall (the High) - pig whom Math changed to a boy. Hychdwn was parented by Gwydion and Gilvaethwy while they were sentenced by Math to roam the forests of
Gwynedd (North Wales) in the shape of beasts, for their offence against Goewyn.
Hydwn the Fawn - fawn who was changed to a boy by Math. Hydwn was parented by Gwydion and Gilvaethwy while they were sentenced by Math to roam the forests of Gwynedd (North Wales) in
the shape of beasts, for their offence against Goewyn.
Iddic - one of the Seven Chiefs.
Idris - triads name him one of the Three Skilled
Astrologers, the other two being Gwydion and Gwyn ap Nudd.
Imperial Caesar - he and King Mwrchan the Thief abduct Flur and take her into Gaul. They are defeated by Caswallon.
Iron House - made from the iron of a fallen comet by the Irish to trap and kill Llassar and his family. Once they were inside, a great fire was built around it. However, Llassar, his wife, and the two children she carried escaped.
Island of the
Mighty - largest of the
Kai - son of an unidentified rich man of Arvon. Brother of Kilydd.
Kaw - one of Pryderi's hounds.
Kein Galed - Pwyll's chestnut stallion.
Keli - twin to Kueli, son of Llassar. The twins were
born to Kymideu Kymeinvoll when she broke out of the Iron House. Both boys were admirers of Evnissyen.
Kent - Caswallon was there when Pryderi and Manawyddan returned to Arberth.
Keredigion - site of the first Mochdrev.
Keri - between here and Arwystli is the second Mochdrev.
Keridwen - variant of Ceridwen.
Kicva - variant of Kigva.
Kigva - Pryderi's bride, granddaughter of Gloyu Broad Realm. Her people are mostly warriors or
witch-priestesses who dwell by the
Rhiannon ruled Dyved in Pryderi's absence. Her aunts are called the Nine Witches.
Kilcoed - "Him that Hides in the Wood." Father of Llwyd.
Kilydd - son of an unidentified rich man of Arvon.
Brother to Kai.
Kueli - twin to Keli, son of Llassar. The twins were
born to Kymideu Kymeinvoll when she broke out of the Iron House. Both boys were admirers of Evnissyen.
Kymideu Kymeinvoll - wife of Llassar the Flame. A
giantess who helped to steal the Cauldron of Rebirth from
Arawn. When in
Llassar the Flame - a giant who, together with his
giantess wife, stole a shadow of the Cauldron of Rebirth
from Arawn and brought it to
Llassar - son of Llassar the Flame, greatest warrior of the Seven Chiefs.
Llech Goronwy - spear-pierced slab of stone with which Goronwy attempted to shield himself from Llew.
Lleu - variant of Llew.
Llevelys - third son of Beli.
Llew LLaw Gyffes - son of Arianrhod, delivered of her when Math tested her claim of virginity. His father is Gwydion, and it is he that raises the boy to be his heir. When Arianrhod opposes him, Gwydion resorts to magic to win from Arianrhod a name and arms for the boy. But the final destiny that she lays upon Llew is the hardest, and both Math and Gwydion are needed to circumvent it. Llew is slain by Goronwy Pevr and is transformed into an eagle, symbol of a sun-god. Llew may
represent light while his brother Dylan represents
Llew's Town - Dinas Dinllev.
Lloegyr - Llwyd, disguised as a bard, told Manawyddan he came from here.
Llud - first son of Beli, though he did not wish to
contest Bran for the throne, as did Beli's second son, Caswallon.
Llwndrys - (
Llwyd ap Kilcoed - Grey Man of the Bright World, son of Him that Hides in the Wood. Pwyll incurred his wrath by entering the Bright World to defeat his friend Gwawl, Rhiannon's intended bridegroom, in order that he could marry her. Later, after Pwyll's death, Pryderi mounted
Gorsedd Arberth, bringing him within reach of the Grey Man, who blasted Dyved for seven years. In the end, he is defeated by the cleverness of Manawyddan who capture's Llwyd's wife, in the shape of a mouse, and extracts from the Grey Man his promise to take no vengeance on the land and people of Dyved. Llwyd is the Death Lord of the Bright World.
Llyn Diarwya - half-way between Arberth and Glen Cuch, Pwyll and his men slept here while hunting, the day before Pwyll met Arawn.
Llyn y Morwynion - Lake of the Maidens, where the serving maids of Blodeuwedd fell while being pursued by Gwydion.
Llediaith - Llyr "Half-speech." Coming from the mainland, he spoke
Llys Don - the court of Don, where her children grew up together. The Welsh give this name to the constellation Cassiopeia.
Logres - where Rhiannon, Manawyddan, Kigva, and Pryderi first came, after the destruction of Dyved.
Lost Lands of the West - through the use of powerful magic such as that contained in the Casket of Ancient Spells, the sea rose up and claimed these lands. They may have been connected to the Sinking Lands. Caer Sidi
was probably its capitol.
Lugaid - Matholuch's champion.
Mabon ab Modron - "son of the Mother." She gives birth to him (Arawn) each year.
daughter of Don, and Princess of Gwynedd (
of Maelan when Caer Arianrhod is destroyed.
Maelgwyn - father of Eurosswydd.
Maenor of Coed Alun - Coed Helen lay between here and the Maenor of Penardd.
Maenor of Penardd - field where the host of Math first made camp in the war with Dyved.
Maen Tyriawc - above the Velenryd; Pryderi's burial place.
second son of Llyr and Penardim; brother to Bran, High King of the
died. His magic and cleverness protected Dyved from Caswallon and defeated Llwyd, Death Lord of the Bright World. He should have been High King after Bran's death, but decided not to dispute Caswallon, who had seized the throne. He was also named by the Triads as one of the Three Gold-Shoemakers, the other two being Gwydion and
March ap Meirchion - uncle of Tristan; famed in legend for having the ears of a horse.
Ancient - son of Mathonwy and King of Gwynedd (
of any of the
High King of
the Cauldron of Rebirth would play a part. He fatally wounded Bran, but Manawyddan avenged that death.
Mathonwy - father of Math the Ancient.
Melenryd - although the main battle was over, here
fighting broke out as Math's army escorted Pryderi's to the
border, after the war between Gwynedd (
Melenydd - Gwydion and his Twelve Companions crossed these green lands as they fled Dyved with the stolen swine.
Melyngan Gamre - "Steed of the Yellow-white Footsteps," Llew's steed.
Menai - river
which lay near Caer Seon (
Merioneth - its shores could be seen from the Rock of Harlech (North Wales coast), being below it. Here, Matholuch's hosts first landed.
Meslam - Havgan's realm in Annwn, the chief city of which was Anghar the Loveless.
Minawg ap Lleu - a son of Llew, mentioned by Taliesin, though he does not appear in the Mabinogi.
Mochdrev(1) - in Keredigion. It means "swine-town". This was the first resting place for Gwydion and his Twelve Companions, as they fled Dyved with the stolen swine.
Mochdrev(2) - between Keri and Arwystli. The second "swine-town" and the second resting place for Gwydion and his Twelve Companions, as they fled Dyved with the stolen swine.
Mochdrev(3) - within the Cantrev of Rhos, in Gwynedd (
Mochnant - in Powys. "Burn of the swine," this is the third resting place for Gwydion and his Twelve
companions as they fled Dyved with the stolen swine.
Modron - "Mother." The Goddess behind all the Gods. Arawn, Death Lord, is her first-born and servant and husband. She dwells in Annwn with him, and is also called Brenhines-y-nef.
Mona - green
Isle of the Druids. Probably
Moor of Maelan - place to which Maelan escaped, from the final destruction of Caer Arianrhod.
- as Bran's hosts were leaving
Mwrchan the Thief - a king who, together with the
Imperial Caesar, abducted Flur and took her into
Mynach Gorr - father of Flur.
Myvyrian Archaiology - ancient source which mentions the Cad Goddeu.
Nant Call -
brook where Pryderi's army retreated and suffered a decisive blow, in the war
against Gwynedd (
Nant y Llew - where Gwydion found the remains of Llew, and his spirit trapped in the shape of an eagle.
Nergal - another name of Havgan, Lord of the Abyss.
New Tribes - supplanted the Prydyn in Dyved, as well as other places. Brought the idea of fathering and no longer revered the Mothers nor observed the Ancient Harmonies. They came from the far eastern valleys of the Altai.
- Kigva's nine aunts, who now rule over Caer Loyu, by the
Nissyen - twin of Evnissyen, and son of Penardim and Eurosswydd. He had great compassion and was the only one who could understand or control his twin, who he gave his life to protect during the war with Ireland.
Nudd - father of Gwyn, the White One.
Official Controller of the Royal Household - Gwydion.
Old Tribes - descended from the Prydyn, first rulers of Prydain. Followed the Ancient Harmonies, worshipped the Mothers, and observed a matrilinear form of succession, a man being followed by his sister's son.
Owein ap Gwennan - accompanied Gwydion on his raid on Dyved (Mid
Oxford (England) - where Pryderi came to pay tribute to Caswallon, so called at a later time. It was a place of teaching and Druidcraft.
Pair Dadeni - the Cauldron of Rebirth.
Pebin - mother of Goewyn. Dwelt at Dol Pebin in Arvon.
Penardd - in Arvon. Field where the host of Math first made camp in the war with Dyved.
Dark Woman - sister of Beli of the Deep, High King to the
Pendaran Dyved - cousin to Pwyll, a young Druid of Dyved who followed the Ancient Harmonies, and generally opposed Dyved's High Druid, though he succeeded him. For many years he advised Pwyll, and after Pwyll's death, he guided and protected Rhiannon and Kigva while Dyved's young lord was away. Pendaran Dyved was present in the body of a young page when Caswallon slew the Seven
Chiefs of the
Penllyn - realm of Goronwy Pevr.
Penvro - site of Gwales.
Powys (Mid & North West Wales) - neighboring kingdom to Gwynedd (North Wales). Site of
Prydain - Britain.
Pryderi - son of Pwyll, King of Dyved. (Actually, he was fathered by Manawyddan.) His mother is Rhiannon, Pwyll's wife out of Faery. Pryderi was stolen on the night of his birth (Beltane) by a monster out of Faery. He is delivered back to his parents three years later by Teirnyon (Teyrnon) who had named the boy Gwri (Guri) of the Golden Hair. He was a great warrior, one of the Seven Who Returned from Ireland. His wife is Kigva. He
later mounted Gorsedd Arberth and challenged the powers that laid waste Dyved for seven years. He himself was captured by those powers, but was rescued by Manawyddan. His name seems to have meant "care".
Prydeyi - variant of Pryderi.
Prydyn - magic-wielding race of Prydain whose birth may have been in lands now lost beneath the Western sea.
Pwyll - King of Dyved. While hunting, he meets Arawn, King of Annwn, who persuades Pwyll to change places with him and so help defend Annwn from Havgan, Lord of the Eastern Dead and Everlasting Fire. After slaying Havgan with one stroke, he returns to Dyved where he continues
a long friendship with Arawn, Death Lord. Later, under pressure of his Druids to take a wife, he mounts Gorsedd Arberth, where he meets Rhiannon, his faery-bride. His name seems to have meant "thought".
Rhiannon Oset of Faery - called Rhiannon of the Wondrous Birds. A Goddess of Birds and Steeds. A Faery-bride to Pwyll, as she had been to other rulers of Dyved, including Heveydd the Ancient, Dyved's first king. She was also his mother, and later, in the Bright World, his daughter. After Pwyll died, she became wife to Manawyddan. She was mother to Pryderi, who was protected
by her spells on Gorsedd Arberth. Manawyddan rescued her from capture by the Grey Man of the Bright World.
Rhos - this cantrev is the site of the third Mochdrev.
Rhuddlan Teivi (Noerth Wales) - site of Pryderi's palace when Gwydion raided Dyved (Mid & South West Wales).
Rhun - first
soldier of the
Rock of Harlech (North Wales coast) - where Bran held court. Matholuch's host first landed here.
a Celtic saint. Llanderfel (
Seven Cantrevs of Seissyllwch - originally, a part of the old Dyved, until the New Tribes Chieftans took them over. When they began mistreating Old Tribesmen, Bran permitted Pryderi to break peace and take them back. After that, he and Kigva dwelt there.
Seven Chiefs - left behind to rule the Island of the
the war with
Seven Sleeping Women - six women were set to watch over Rhiannon and her new-born child. They all fell into a charmed sleep, and the six women, waking to find Rhiannon still asleep and the child gone, determined to accuse her of eating it, in order to escape blame.
Severn (Border between England and South East Wales) - by the banks of this river was the home of
Sinking Lands - its tall forests once joined Anglesey (North Wales) to Carnarvon. The hosts of Bran crossed it to reach Ireland. Bran himself waded across. They may have been connected with the Lost Lands of the West.
Steed of the Yellow-white Footsteps - Melyngan Gamre.
Straits of Menai - separates Anglesey (North Wales) from the Island of the Mighty.
Sumer - Havgan's earthly realm, near the sunrise. Its chief temple is Cuthah.
Talebolyon - site of Aber Alaw.
Taliesin - many-lived poet, bard, and shapeshifter. He has the ability to remember previous lives. He was one of the Seven Who Returned from Ireland. And he was at Caer Dathyl during Gwydion's childhood.
Taliessin - variant of Taliesin.
Talking Head of Bran - on leaving Ireland, the survivors of Bran's army were ambushed at Morddwydtyllyon, and there Matholuch cast the spear which fatally wounded Bran. Bran bid Manawyddan to cut off his head to carry
back to Llwndrys. But stopping at Gwales in Penvro, the seven men and the Talking Head of Bran feasted for 80 days. Though, with the singing of the Birds of Rhiannon, it seems like 80 years.
Tara - capitol city of Matholuch, Ireland's High King, named for an ancient female king.
Teirnyon - variant of Teyrnon.
Teyrnon of the Thunder Flood - lord of Gwent (South East Wales), fought the monster from out of Faery on Beltane to rescue Pryderi. He raised Pryderi for his first three years.
Third Landless Prince - Manawyddan.
Three Birds of Midir - they suck out a man's courage on the way to battle.
Three Chief Guardians - Triads name Caradoc as one of them.
Three Evil Uncoverings - the Triads say the uncovering of the head of Bran was one of them.
Three Famous Tribe-Herdsmen - Triads name Gwydion as one of them.
Three Gold-Shoemakers - Triads name them as Caswallon, Manawyddan, and Gwydion.
Three Good Concealments - Triads say the burial of Bran's head was one of them.
of Prydain - the
Three Landless Princes - Triads name Manawyddan as the Third.
Three Nefarious Blows of the Isle of Britain - Triads name Govannon striking Dylan as one of the, and the butcher of Matholuch striking Branwen as another.
Three Skilled Astrologers - Triads name them as Gwydion, Gwyn ap Nudd, and Idris.
Town of the
Seven Chiefs - where Caradoc and the other six chiefs were left behind to rule
Traeth Mawr - the hosts crossed it as Math's army
escorted Pryderi's from the land and back to the borders of Dyved.
Twelve Gods -
the first Twelve of earth, prototype of all the Twelves which were to follow. The Twelve stones of the inner circle at
Tyddyn Elen - place to which Elen escaped, from the destruction of Caer Arianrhod.
Ulster - stronghold of the Old Tribes in Northern
Unic Glew - one of the Seven Chiefs.
Usk - where Manawyddan first saw enchantment like unto Llwyd's blasting of Dyved.
Vale of the Conwy (North Wales coast) - where Govannon's forge stood, in Caer Govannon, at the mouth of the river Conwy.
Velenryd - ford of the river Cynvael, where Gwydion and Pryderi met in battle, following the war between Gwynedd (North Wales) and Dyved (Mid & South West Wales).
White Mare of Arberth - Pwyll's Druids believed it
embodied the ancient Goddess of Dyved. Only the young Druid, Pwyll's cousin Pendaran Dyved, did not believe this. Pwyll refused to mate with it, and so incurred the anger of his High Druid, who thought Pwyll would be cursed for his refusal.
White Mount - in Llwndrys, where Bran's head was buried. The Tower of London stands there now. Triads called the burial of Bran's head the Third Good Concealment.
White One - Gwyn ap Nudd.
White Shadow - Havgan.
World of Middle Light - Annwn.
Ynawc - one
of the Seven Who Returned from
Ynys Bronwen - "Branwen's Isle." Her burial site became surrounded by water and became a small islet near Anglesey (North Wales).
Ynys Enlli –
now known as
described as the island of 20,000 saints after an exodus of monks from Bangor-is-coed
following the battle of
important centre for pilgrimage, three pilgrimages to
Bardsey were equivalent of one to
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