Cardiff Theosophical Society

206 Newport Road,

Cardiff, Wales, UK, CF24 1DL.



H P Blavatsky



A One Minute

History of Cardiff



The Customs House at Cardiff Bay



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The Origins of The Name


There are two rival theories regarding the precise origins of the name Cardiff.


The name Cardiff is an Anglicisation of the Welsh name "Caerdydd" and this is not disputed.


There is uncertainty concerning the origin of "Caerdydd" — "Caer" means "fort" or

"castle," but although "Dydd" means "Day" in modern Welsh, it is unclear what was meant in this context. Some believe that "Dydd" or "Diff" was a corruption of "Taff", the river on which Cardiff castle stands, in which case "Cardiff" would mean "the fort on the river Taff" (in Welsh the T mutates to D).


A rival theory favours a link with Aulus Didius Gallus who was a Roman governor in the region at the time the fort was established. The name may have originated as Caer DidiusThe Fort of Didius


Chronology of Cardiff History


AD75 The Romans establish a fort in Cardiff

445 First written mention of Cardiff is made in the Annates Cambriae (The Welsh Annals)

850 The first recorded Viking attack is made on the Welsh coast. The Vikings used Cardiff firstly as a base for raiding and then as a port. Their influence is still marked in the names Dumballs Road and Womanby Street.

1081 William the Conqueror visits Cardiff on his first and last expedition into Wales

1201 The oldest surviving treaty between England and Wales is signed by Llewelyn the Great and King John.

1404 Owain Glyndwr summons his first Welsh Parliament at Machynlleth

1536 1st Act of Union: Welsh law is aligned with English law, and English is made the official language. This was the result of Henry VIII’s concern over the strategic importance of controlling Wales for England’s security.

1542 Thomas Capper is burnt at the stake in Cardiff for heresy and becomes the first religious martyr in Wales; 2nd Act of Union divides Wales into shires under the administration of the Council of Wales

1581 Elizabeth I grants Cardiff its first royal charter

1648 Battle of St Fagans, the last major Civil War battle in Wales, is fought with heavy losses to the Royalist camp.

1794 Canal link between Cardiff and the Valleys is completed

1839 Marquis of Bute opens first dock in Cardiff

1845-50 First rail link is constructed between Cardiff and the coal-producing valleys

1850 Population of Cardiff reaches 30,000

1868 William Burges begins process of remodelling Cardiff Castle

1876 Cardiff Rugby Club is formed

1885 Cardiff Arms Park stadium Grand Stand opens

1905 Edward VII grants Cardiff city status

1906-38 Civic buildings of Cathays Park are constructed

1911 Establishment of the Cardiff lodge of the Theosophical Society.


Population of Cardiff reaches 182,000

Pioneering Airship Flight

leaves Cardiff City Hall 1911


1913 A record 10.5 million tons of coal is exported from Cardiff docks

1927 Cardiff City wins the FA Cup


1931 Population of Cardiff reaches 227,000


1942 Welsh language is made official

1955 Cardiff becomes the official capital of Wales

Cardiff hosts the Empire Games (Now called the Commonwealth Games) Commemorative stamps issued for this event.


19 Sep 1997 Referendum is held for the Welsh National Assembly

6 May 1999 Elections held for the Welsh National Assembly

26 May 1999 Welsh National Assembly is opened by HM Queen Elizabeth II

Oct 1999 Cardiff hosts the Rugby World Cup




Pages About Wales


Theosophy and the Great War


A General History of Wales


Chronology of Wales and the Celtic Tradition



A One Minute History of Cardiff


Cardiff History


History of Swansea / Abertawe


Saint David


Celtic Christianity


The Druids


Glossary of Welsh Mythology


Caldey Island

Ynys Byr


Llandaff Cathedral



Cardiff Castle



History of

Ebbw Vale / Glyn Ebwy


History of Welsh Coal Mining



Conwy Castle


History of Bangor


A Guide to Snowdon

The Highest Mountain in Wales at 3,650 ft.

On exceptionally clear days, Ireland, Northern Ireland,

Scotland, England and Wales are all visible

from the Summit of Snowdon, as well as 24 counties,

 29 lakes and 17 islands.


History of

Wrexham / Wrecsam


History of Llandudno

Birthplace of Dion Fortune


History of

Ruthin / Rhuthun




Wikipedia Cardiff History


Cardiff Blavatsky Archive


Cardiff Theosophical Archive


Instant Guide to Theosophy


Theosophy in Wales


Great Theosophists


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Cardiff Theosophical Society

206 Newport Road,

Cardiff, Wales, UK, CF24 -1DL



Try these links for

more info about Theosophy




Cardiff Theosophical Society meetings are informal

and there’s always a cup of tea afterwards




The Cardiff Theosophical Society Website




The National Wales Theosophy Website



Theosophy Cardiff’s Instant Guide to Theosophy


Cardiff Theosophical Archive


Cardiff Blavatsky Archive

A Theosophy Study Resource


Theosophy Cardiff’s Gallery of Great Theosophists


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If you run a Theosophy Study Group, please

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A quick overview of Theosophy 

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Quick Blasts of Theosophy

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The Blavatsky Blogger’s

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The Voice of the Silence Website





Theosophy in Wales


Cardiff Theosophy Start-Up

A Free Intro to Theosophy


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An Independent Theosophical Republic

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Topics include Quantum Theory and Socks,

Dick Dastardly and Legendary Blues Singers.



The New Rock ‘n Roll

An entertaining introduction to Theosophy


Nothing answers questions

like Theosophy can!

The Key to Theosophy


Wales! Wales! Theosophy Wales

The All Wales Guide To

Getting Started in Theosophy

For everyone everywhere, not just in Wales


Brief Theosophical Glossary


The Akashic Records

It’s all “water under the bridge” but everything you do

makes an imprint on the Space-Time Continuum.


Theosophy and Reincarnation

A selection of articles on Reincarnation

by Theosophical writers

Provided in response to the large number

of enquiries we receive on this subject


Theosophical Glossary

prepared by W Q Judge


The South of Heaven Guide to

Theosophy and Devachan


The South of Heaven Guide to

Theosophy and Dreams


The South of Heaven Guide to

Theosophy and Angels




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H P Blavatsky’s Heavy Duty

Theosophical Glossary

Published 1892




Complete Theosophical Glossary in Plain Text Format





Classic Introductory Theosophy Text

A Text Book of Theosophy By C W Leadbeater


What Theosophy Is  From the Absolute to Man


The Formation of a Solar System  The Evolution of Life


The Constitution of Man  After Death  Reincarnation


The Purpose of Life  The Planetary Chains


The Result of Theosophical Study




The Occult World

By Alfred Percy Sinnett


Preface to the American Edition    Introduction


Occultism and its Adepts    The Theosophical Society


First Occult Experiences   Teachings of Occult Philosophy


Later Occult Phenomena    Appendix



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Pages About Wales

General pages about Wales, Welsh History

and The History of Theosophy in Wales


Wales is a Principality within the United Kingdom

and has an eastern border with England.

The land area is just over 8,000 square miles.

Snowdon in North Wales is the highest mountain at 3,650 feet.

The coastline is almost 750 miles long.

 The population of Wales as at the 2001 census is 2,946,200.



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Theosophy in Cardiff


Theosophy in Wales

The Grand Tour